Carl Francis Abella,
Rickmel Joseph Amiscaray,
Keren Eulyna Bicar,
Roy Anthony de Guzman,
Irene Joy Uy,
Garth Michael Zechary Whelan
Institute of Clinical Laboratory Sciences - Silliman University
Most of the solid wastes in Dumaguete City are placed in a dumpsite situated in Barangay Candau-ay. The barangay is populated with considerable number of families which belong to the low income group. Thus, it is common in the barangay to see people and even children scavenging in the dumpsite. An update study of intestinal parasites was carried out in Candau-ay Elementary School, Dumaguete City with a total of 120 stool samples were collected from students in grades one to six and examined using the Formalin-Ether concentration technique.
A prevalence rate of 83% for the overall infection of intestinal parasites was recorded which indicated the positive results. The prevalence rates of the three different parasites are as follows: Ascaris lumbricoides with 59.17%, Trichiuris trichiura with 53.33% and hookworm with 40.83%. Almost all the students from grades one to six were positive for intestinal parasites but there was no signigicant relationship between the environmental factors and sanitary practices that was assumed to have been involved in the acquisition of these parasites. It was also found out that there is no significant relationship between the research respondents' distance from the dumpsite that was also assumed to have been involved in the acquisition of these parasites. This research study has therefore shown that the prevalence rate of intestinal parasitism in Candau-ay Elementary School is incredbily high and frantic efforts should be made to reduce this trend.
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