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The relationship between musculoskeletal pain and quality of life among elderly in Sibulan, Negros Oriental.

Author

Frances Marie  E. Cadiente,
Keshya Mariss T. Guivelondo,
Stephanie Marie D. Mandi,
Marla Jan L. Parungao,
Samantha S. Silva,
Ma. Isabella Aira B. Trespeces,
Nikka S. Ventorillo

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
PT
Publication Date
March 2018

Abstract

This research utilizes an analytical research design which aims to find the relationship of intensity of pain to the quality of life; and the relationship of age to the intensity of pain and quality of lime among the Elderly of the Municipality of Sibulan, Negros Oriental.


The study was conducted in the Municipality of Sibulan, Negros Oriental with an estimated total population of 3,126 elderly, ranging from 60 years old and above. The respondents were composed of 355 elderlies using the Slovin's formula, whose selected demographics were personally recorded by the researchers. Survey questionnaires were given to the respondents.


The acquired data were then analyzed and interpreted. Our study exhibited that MSP among elderly was greatly felt on the lower extremity (61.41% of the total population). Majority of the respondents 75 out of 355 (21.13%) experienced 2/10 pain (mild pain) and specifically 137 out of 355 respondents rated their quality of life 10/10 (38.59%). To test if there is a relationship between age to the intensity of pain and quality of life, we used the Spearman Rho Correlation Coefficient. The P- value (0.0000005) is less than the significant level 0.05 with the correlation coefficient of rs= -0.53, and since it is negative, it means that the intensity of pain is inversely proportional to the quality of life which means that when intensity of pain increases, the quality of life decreases and vice versa. The researchers accepted the alternative hypothesis that states that there is a relationship between the intensity of pain to the quality of life. Meanwhile on the second pair of variables, age is directly proportional to intensity of pain which means that the older the respondents, the higher the intensity of pain. The relationship of these two variables is significant as the p-value (0.030) is also lesthan the significant level (0.05) with the correlation coefficient of rs=0.13. the researchers accepted the alternative hypothesis that states that there is a relationship between age to the quality of life. However, age is inversely proportional to the quality of life meaning the respondents who are older have a lower quantity of life than the younger respondents. the relationship between age and quantity of life is also significant as the p-value (0.0000) is less than the significant level (0.05) with the correlation coefficient of rs=0.26.


Thus, the researchers have conducted that there is a significant relationship between age of the respondents and their QOL which means that as the age increases, the QOL decreases. There is also a significant relationship between musculoskeletal pain and QOL, thereby, as the pain intensity increases, the QOL diminishes. Lastly, it has been concluded that there is a significant relationship between age and pain hence, as the age increases, the pain intensity also increases. 

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