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The relationship between musculoskeletal pain and selected psychosocial factors among tricycle drivers in Dumaguete City, Philippines.


Helen Marie Bejerano,
Kyle Dominic  Credo,
Kristin May Ege,
Pros Juliene Gayo,
Neil Gabriel Gumalo,
Ria Ann Mapue,
Mykaela Luz Maxino,
Amiel May Tilos

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
March 2018


It has already been proven that musculoskeletal pain is a leading complaint among the workforce of different occupations worldwide. A variety of physical factors contribute to this type of pain: improper posture, incorrect lifting techniques, heavy physical loading to name a few. A slew of other possible factors, though, may also play a part in the intensity of pain felt. In this study, the researchers chose to focus on psychosocial factors, specifically job satisfaction, job pressure and social support, and whether or not it influences the intensity of musculoskeletal pain felt among tricycle drivers in Dumaguete City.

One hundred fifteen (115) tricycle drivers that have routes around Duamguete City were part of this research, wherein they were tasked to answer a questionnaire with the following components: whether they felt any occurrences of musculoskeletal pain, its intensity, and its location; the level of satisfaction they feel with their job, the level of pressure they feel with their job, and the level of support they felt from their friends and family.

The intensity of pain was graded through the Numeric Pain Scale as follows: 0- no pain, 1- mild pain, 5-moderate pain, 10- severe pain. The locations of pain were based on the major parts of the body. For the levels of satisfaction, respondents were asked to grade them from 1 to 5, with 1 being not satisfied at all, 2 slightly satisfied, 3 satisfied, 4 fairly satisfied, and 5 highly satisfied. For job pressure, respondents were asked to grade them from 1 to 5 with 1 being highly pressured, 2 fairly pressured, 3 pressured, 4 slightly pressured, and 5 not pressured at all. Lastly, for social support, respondents were asked to grade them from 1 to 4 with 1 being not supported at all by their families, 2 slightly supported, 3 supported, and 4 highly supported.

A correlational research design was used to conduct the study. This method determines the existing conditions or factors in a chosen population. The results showed that 43.75% of the respondents reported a rating of 5/10 on the Numerical Pain Scale (: 0- no pain, 1- mild pain, 5-moderate pain, 10- severe pain) and the shoulder and hip pain prevailed as the most reported sites of pain. Most of the drivers with a percentage of 45.22% were highly satisfied with their jobs, 40.71% were only slightly pressured, and 58.56% were fully supported by their friends and family regarding their occupation.

In conclusion, since all the data with p value more than 0.05 are named significant, there was no significant relationship between the psychosocial factors namely level of satisfaction, job pressure, and social support and the intensity of musculoskeletal pain being felt by these tricycle drivers in Dumaguete City as it had a p-value of 0.455.




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